Top 5 Types of Pallet Racking Systems and Their Uses

Kardex Warehouse Automation
Navigating Warehouse Automation: The Role of Data, Integration, and Warehouse Execution Software
November 27, 2023
Pallet Handling Conveyor
Pallet Conveyors Still Play a Pivotal Role in Modern Warehousing and Efficiency
February 29, 2024
Kardex Warehouse Automation
Navigating Warehouse Automation: The Role of Data, Integration, and Warehouse Execution Software
November 27, 2023
Pallet Handling Conveyor
Pallet Conveyors Still Play a Pivotal Role in Modern Warehousing and Efficiency
February 29, 2024

Pallet racking systems play a crucial role in warehouse operations by efficiently storing and organizing palletized goods. There are several types of pallet racking systems, each with unique features and benefits suited for specific warehouse needs.

5 Types of Pallet Racking and Their Uses:

Selective Pallet Racking:

– Description: Selective pallet racking is the most common type of racking system. It consists of upright frames and horizontal load beams that can be adjusted to accommodate varying pallet sizes.

– Use: Ideal for warehouses with a high variety of SKUs and frequent access to each pallet. It provides direct access to every pallet, maximizing selectivity and accessibility.

Drive-In Pallet Racking:

– Description: Drive-in racking utilizes fewer aisles by allowing forklifts to drive directly into the rack structure to access pallets.

– Use: Suited for warehouses with a large volume of the same SKU or low turnover rates. It maximizes storage density by minimizing aisle space, making it ideal for storing seasonal items or bulk goods.

Push Back Pallet Racking:

– Description: Push back racking operates on a “last in, first out” (LIFO) basis and utilizes carts or rails that are inclined to allow pallets to slide forward as new pallets are loaded.

– Use: Best suited for warehouses with multiple SKUs and limited space. It offers higher storage density compared to selective racking while maintaining relatively easy access to pallets.

Pallet Flow Racking:

– Description: Pallet flow racking uses gravity-fed rollers or wheels to transport pallets from the loading end to the unloading end, typically operating on a “first in, first out” (FIFO) basis.

– Use: Ideal for warehouses with high-volume SKU turnover and perishable goods. It maximizes space utilization and ensures efficient stock rotation by automatically moving older inventory to the front for picking.

Cantilever Racking:

– Description: Cantilever racking consists of horizontal arms extending from vertical columns, providing storage for long, bulky, or irregularly shaped items.

– Use: Suited for warehouses storing items such as lumber, pipes, or furniture that cannot be accommodated by traditional pallet racking. It offers easy access and visibility to long items, optimizing storage and retrieval efficiency.

 Appropriate Racking System for a Warehouse Involves Considering Various Factors:

Inventory Characteristics: Assess the size, weight, and volume of the inventory to be stored, as well as its turnover rate and storage requirements.

Storage Density Requirements: Evaluate the available warehouse space and the need for maximizing storage density versus accessibility.

Operational Efficiency: Consider the warehouse’s workflow, picking processes, and material handling equipment capabilities to ensure smooth operations.

Budget Constraints: Take into account the initial investment and long-term costs associated with different racking systems, including installation, maintenance, and potential expansion.

Future Growth: Anticipate future business growth and scalability needs to select a racking system that can adapt to changing inventory demands.

In closing: By carefully evaluating these factors, warehouses can choose the most suitable pallet racking system to optimize storage space, improve inventory management, and enhance overall operational efficiency.